Be taught Japanese simply! In English, “too” is a well-liked phrase. You most likely say issues like, “That is too massive” or “I am too drained to go” on a regular basis. When talking Japanese, you will want to precise the identical ideas simply as continuously as you speak about your emotions and make requests.

This Newbie Japanese article will allow you to grasp the Japanese phrase sugiru to precise “too.” Whether or not you have to request a bigger shirt or inform your mates you are too drained to buy, this Japanese Newbie article supplies all of the instruments you want. You will be stunned simply how a lot your Japanese talking abilities will develop due to the straightforward phrase on this Japanese article.

Vocabulary: On this article, you will study the next phrases and phrases:

kekkonshiki – “wedding ceremony, marriage ceremony”

yoo – “used for, utilized by”

doresu – “gown”

mochiron – “after all, actually”

gozaimasu – formal type of the verb which suggests “to have” or “to be”

choodo – “simply, proper, precisely”

pari – “Paris”

shichaku – “making an attempt on garments”

taihen – “very, vastly” (adverb)

ereganto (na) – “elegant” (-na adjective)

joohin (na) – “elegant, refined, polished” (-na adjective)

wakai – “younger” (-i ending adjective)

kimono – “kimono” niau – “to go well with, to match” (class 1 verb)

danna – “husband”

Grammar: On this article, you will study the next phrases and phrases:

Helpful Vocabulary and Phrases

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kekkon-shiki-yoo

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  1. kekkon  “marriage”
  2. shiki  “ceremony”
  3. yoo  “used for”

Once we connect yoo to a noun, it provides the that means “used for” or “utilized by.” Evaluation its utilization within the following examples.

Examples:

  1. kodomo-yoo no puuru

    “paddling pool”

  2. kodomo-yoo no isu

    “childrens’ chair”

  3. haikingu-yoo no kutsu

    “climbing footwear”

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haitte kuru

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It is a compound phrase of hairu (“to enter”) and kuru (“to come back”), and it means “to come back in.”

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Motto ookii no wa arimasu ka.

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motto – “extra” (adverb of diploma)

ookii – “massive”

no – “one” (dependent indefinite pronoun)

wa – topic-marking particle

arimasu – masu type of a verb

aru (“to exist,” “to have”)

ka – question-marking particle

We use no rather than a noun to keep away from repeating the identical noun.

Examples:

  1. Motto chiisai no wa arimasu ka.

    “Do you could have smaller one?”

  2. Motto yasui no wa arimasu ka.

    “Do you could have cheaper one?”

  3. Motto karui no wa arimasu ka.

    “Do you could have lighter one?”

  4. Motto kirei na no wa arimasu ka.

    “Do you could have cleaner one?”

  5. Motto benri na no wa arimasu ka.

    “Do you could have a extra handy one?”

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Goal Phrase

Kono doresu wa watashi ni wa chiisa sugimasu.

This gown is simply too small for me.

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The main focus of this text is the “[adjective stem] + sugiru” building. Sugiru means “to move” or “to transcend the restrict.” Once we connect sugiru to an adjective stem, it really works as a serving to verb and means “an excessive amount of.”

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Formation

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i-adjective

  1. Drop the ultimate -i (also known as an adjective stem)
  2. Add sugiru

“English” / Adjective / Adjective Stem / Too…

“massive” / ookii / ooki / ooki sugiru

“small” / chiisai / chiisa / chiisa sugiru

Exception!!!

“English” / Adjective / Too…

“good” / ii or yoi / yo sugiru

na-adjective

  1. Drop the ultimate -na (also known as an adjective stem or dictionary type )
  2. Add sugiru

“English” / Adjective / Adjective Stem / Too…

“handy” / benri (na) / benri / benri sugiru

“quiet” / shizuka (na) / shizuka / shizuka sugiru

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Politeness and Tenses

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Please notice that sugiru conjugates as a category 2 verb.

Non-past

Formal: Kore wa chiisa sugimasu.

Casual: Kore wa chiisa sugiru.

Previous

Formal: Kore wa chiisa sugimashita.

Informal: Kore wa chiisa sugita.

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Particle ni wa

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[noun] + ni wa + [adjective stem] sugiru = “be too [adjective] for [noun]”

For Instance:

  1. Kono uchi wa futari ni wa hirosugiru.

    “This home is simply too giant for 2 folks.”

  2. Kono uchi wa watashi ni wa rippasugiru.

    “This home is simply too good for me.”

*rippa (na) = “splendid, elegant”

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Apply

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You are purchasing at a clothes retailer. What would you say within the following conditions?

Use “___ sugimasu.” and ” ___ no wa arimasu ka.” sentence patterns.

For Instance:

You desire a larger measurement…?

Kore wa chiisasugimasu. Motto ookii no wa arimasu ka.

  1. You desire a cheaper one… (takai means, “costly.” yasui means, “low-cost.”)
  2. You desire a cleaner one… (kitanai means, “soiled.” kirei(na) means, “clear.”)
  3. You desire a newer one… (furui means, “previous.” atarashii means, “new.”

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