Learn Japanese fast! You need money to buy stuff. It’s not any different in Japan. Can you count yen? Don’t wind up giving your money away because you don’t know the difference between a one thousand yen bill and a two thousand yen bill. I don’t have to tell you how important money is. Enough said! In this Newbie Japanese article, learn all about yen coins and bills and how to talk about them. Then, take your Japanese counting to the next level by learning larger numbers, from 1,000 into the trillions. This Japanese Newbie article is packed with all the numerical information you need!

Vocabulary: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

ichi-en – “one yen”

en – “Yen” (Japanese currency)

ju – “ten”

hyaku – “hundred”

Sen – “thousand”

ichi-man – “ten-thousand”

satsu – “bill” (money)

sorekara – “and, and then, after that, in addition”

So desu – “that’s right.”

tama – “coin, ball”

Grammar: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

Useful Vocabulary and Phrases

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tama

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Tama means “round object” or “jewelry.” When a noun precedes it, then we pronounce it dama. Please note that we cannot use tama by itself to mean “coin.” The word for coin is kooka (“hard money”).

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Expressions from Today’s Dialogue

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  1. ichi-en dama “one-yen coin” 
  2. go-en dama “five yen coin” 
  3. hyaku-en dama “five hundred yen coin”  

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satsu

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Satsu or o-satsu means “bank note.” The O in O-satsu is an honorific prefix. However, when an amount of money such as sen-en, go-sen-en, or ichiman-en precedes this word, the honorific o is not necessary.

Incorrect: sen-en o-satsu

Correct: sen-en satsu

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Large Numbers

ichi-man-en

“ten-thousand yen”

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In the previous article, we introduced you to the Japanese counting system up to 999. In today’s article, you will learn the larger numbers.

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Numbers 1,000-9,000

“One thousand – Nine thousand”

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 Number / Rooma-ji

1,000 / (is) sen

2,000 / ni-sen

3,000 / san-zen

4,000 / yon-sen

5,000 / go-sen

6,000 / roku-sen

7,000 / nana-sen

8,000 / hassen

9,000 / kyuu-sen

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Numbers 10,000-90,000

“Ten thousand – Ninety thousand

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 Number / Rooma-ji

10,000 / ichi-man

20,000 / ni-man

30,000 / san-man

40,000 / yon-man

50,000 / go-man

60,000 / roku-man

70,000 / nana-man

80,000 / hachi-man

90,000 / kyuu-man

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Numbers 100,000-900,000

“One hundred thousand – Nine hundred thousand

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Number / Rooma-ji

100,000 / juu-man

200,000 / nijuu-man

300,000 / sanjuu-man

400,000 / yonjuu-man

500,000 / gojuu-man

600,000 / rokujuu-man

700,000 / nanajuu-man

800,000 / hachijuu-man

900,000 / kyuujuu-man

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Higher Numbers

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Number / Rooma-ji

one million / hyaku-man

ten million / (is) sen-man

one hundred million / ichi-oku

billion / juu-oku

ten billion / hyaku-oku

one hundred billion / (is) sen-oku

one trillion / icchoo

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Practice 1

Translate the following into English:

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  1. san-zen___________________________
  2. kyuu-sen___________________________
  3. sen___________________________
  4. has-sen___________________________
  5. yon-sen___________________________

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Practice 2

Translate the following into English:

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  1. sen hyaku ichi___________________________
  2. yon-sen yon-hyaku yon-juu yon___________________________
  3. roku-sen nana-hyaku___________________________
  4. hassen juu___________________________
  5. nana-sen go-hyaku ni-juu yon___________________________

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Practice 3

Translate the following into English:

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  1. ichi-man___________________________
  2. go-man___________________________
  3. kyuu-man___________________________
  4. juu-man___________________________
  5. nijuu-man___________________________

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Practice 4

Translate the following into English:

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  1. ichi-man sen___________________________
  2. hachi-man roppyaku___________________________
  3. juukyuu-man___________________________
  4. ichi-man sen___________________________
  5. ni-man sanzen roppyaku juukyuu___________________________

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Practice 5

Translate the following into English:

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  1. ichi-oku___________________________
  2. san-oku___________________________
  3. juu-oku___________________________
  4. kyaku-oku___________________________
  5. icchoo___________________________

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Practice 6

Translate the following into English:

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  1. rokujuu-oku___________________________
  2. juuroku-oku___________________________
  3. sanzen-oku___________________________
  4. hachijuuni-choo___________________________
  5. roku-choo kyuusen hachi oku___________________________

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Practice 7 Translate the following into Japanese:

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  1. 2,000___________________________
  2. 3,333___________________________
  3. 4,500___________________________
  4. 1,000___________________________
  5. 10,000___________________________
  6. one hundred thousand___________________________
  7. three hundred thousand___________________________
  8. one million___________________________
  9. three million___________________________
  10. ten million___________________________

 

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