I must say that one thing that’s generally missed when instructing ESL college students English pronunciation is intonation. For ESL college students English intonation is a vital a part of studying English as a result of it not solely offers English its rhythm, it additionally helps you in understanding what an individual is saying.

English Intonation comes from the additional emphasis (stress) that native audio system and good non-native audio system place on sure phrases. The rhythm in English comes from the emphasis that’s positioned on some phrases and never on others. Native audio system place additional emphasis on the important thing phrases once they converse to make them stand out. The important thing phrases are the nouns, principal verbs, adjectives, and another phrases when wanted. If you’ll be able to solely hear the emphasised phrases, you’ll nonetheless be capable to perceive most of what the particular person mentioned. Additionally, you will discover that native audio system from completely different nations could place completely different emphasis on some phrases.

Native audio system hear for the burdened phrases as a result of the unstressed phrases usually are not as vital for understanding what is claimed. “I like strolling within the park as a result of it offers me a really feel for nature.” is an entire sentence. Which phrases you emphasize can have a giant impact on the listeners understanding. The 2 following sentences present you what occurs if sure phrases are emphasised accurately or incorrectly:

Emphasised accurately – “I like strolling… park… offers me… really feel… nature.” From this you’ve got a good suggestion about what the particular person mentioned.

If the emphasis is on the non-important phrases you would possibly hear “within the… as a result of it… a… for.” If these are the one phrases you hear then you should have a tough time understanding what was mentioned

The instance reveals that the emphasised phrases make a distinction to your understanding of what the particular person has mentioned. From this we are able to see that putting emphasis accurately is vital in talking comprehensible English. This additional emphasis on the phrase is finished in a number of methods, however the commonest is to elongate (make longer) the principle vowel sound within the phrase. This emphasis helps in understanding what the particular person has mentioned, and it additionally produces the rhythm of English. This makes Intonation am vital a part of pronunciation as a result of it makes the vital phrases stand out, it offers a rhythm to the English language, and it impacts the pronunciation of the emphasised and non-emphasized phrases.

Given the significance of intonation it’s shocking that some or many ESL lecturers do not spend extra time stressing intonation when they’re instructing English. I see this as an issue as a result of not emphasizing the correct phrase and emphasizing the improper phrase may cause comprehension issues for the listener. It might additionally change the pronunciation of the phrase such that it seems like a unique phrase. It’s because an emphasised vowel sound can sound completely different than a non-emphasized vowel sound for a similar vowel. It’s the distinction between the lengthy vowel sounds and the brief vowel sounds for a specific vowel.

The results of improper intonation are that by putting stress on the improper phrase it may change the vowel sound on two phrases. The 2 being the one you burdened however shouldn’t have burdened, and the phrase that ought to have been burdened and was not burdened. The distinction is {that a} lengthy vowel sound has been made into schwa sounds (É™) and a schwa vowel sound is now an extended vowel sound. Improper intonation will trigger this. The non-emphasized vowel sound is probably not the schwa sound, however the brief vowel sound will normally be completely different than the lengthy vowel sound. This decreases comprehension by the listener which is able to result in misunderstandings or not understanding.

Pronunciation of the improperly emphasised phrase and the improperly non-emphasized phrase impacts the understanding by the listener. The important thing phrase doesn’t stand out and the listener has hassle understanding what is claimed. There’s extra confusion when the phrase that stands out is just not a key phrase and isn’t important for understanding what the speaker is saying. Moreover, altering the vowel sound in a phrase can result in additional confusion, as a result of the phrase could now truly sound like a unique unrelated phrase.

The above is why ESL lecturers ought to spend a while engaged on their college students’ intonation as a part of their pronunciation studying. One good methodology is to take an audio or video file for which you’ve got the transcript. First, have the scholars determine the nouns, principal verbs, adjectives, and adverbs and mark them. Then examine to see if all of the phrases that can be emphasised have been discovered by listening to the phrases that the speaker emphasizes. The scholars can now apply talking together with the particular person within the file and placing the identical emphasis on the identical phrases because the speaker on the file. This may be repeated till the scholars’ intonation matches with the particular person from the file. You may also assign this kind of train as homework for the scholars. When you search on the web for one thing like “English emphasis when talking”, or one thing related, you will see that some websites which have helpful intonation workouts.

To see in case your college students need assistance with intonation, hear for the scholars’ rhythm when they’re talking. Does it sound correct? If it sounds too rhythmic or not proper you possibly can work with them to appropriate it. If the improper phrases are being emphasised or if a few of the proper ones and a few of the improper ones are being emphasised you possibly can work with them. Begin with easy sentences and inform them which phrases are emphasised and why, after which have them learn together with you.

After correcting or bettering intonation the trainer can then work on different pronunciation issues. They are going to now be extra obvious when many incorrect lengthy vowel sounds are eliminated and plenty of schwa sounds usually are not made into lengthy vowel sounds.

As you possibly can see, intonation vital for non-native English audio system due to the impact it has on pronunciation and listener comprehension. If you perform a little extra work on English intonation you will see that that your ESL college students’ pronunciation will even enhance.



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